Whiteheads are a common skin concern that can affect individuals of all ages. They are small, raised bumps that appear on the skin, typically on the face, neck, and shoulders. Whiteheads are a type of acne and are caused by the buildup of oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria in the pores.
They can be unsightly and may cause discomfort or self-consciousness. Understanding the causes and types of whiteheads is important in order to effectively treat and prevent them. Whiteheads, also known as closed comedowns, form when the hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells.
The excess oil production, known as sebum, can mix with dead skin cells and bacteria, leading to the formation of a whitehead. Common causes of whiteheads include hormonal changes, genetics, and certain skincare products or cosmetics that can clog pores.
There are different types of whiteheads that can appear on the skin. Closed comedowns are the most common type and appear as small, white bumps on the surface of the skin. Malia are another type of whitehead that are often seen in newborns but can also occur in adults. They are small, hard bumps that form when keratin becomes trapped beneath the surface of the skin.